One-Year Planting Speed Study in Sugar Beets

AGCO puts farmers first, and that means discovering ways to unlock yield potential while farming more efficiently and sustainably. AGCO’s Agronomy and Advanced Farm Solutions team is hard at work bringing the latest research from fields around the globe to the farmers who feed the world. Check back every Tuesday for a new agronomic research study as the team explores different crops, equipment, pathogens, and growing practices.

June 29, 2021 by AGCO

One-Year Planting Speed Study in Sugar Beets

AGCO puts farmers first, and that means discovering ways to unlock yield potential while farming more efficiently and sustainably. AGCO’s Agronomy and Advanced Farm Solutions team is hard at work bringing the latest research from fields around the globe to the farmers who feed the world. Check back every Tuesday for a new agronomic research study as the team explores different crops, equipment, pathogens, and growing practices.

The goal of this study was to determine if high-speed planting resulted in similar sugar beet yield as normal and lower planting speeds.

The study was conducted in 2019 on three different fields using a wide range of planting conditions, tillage practices, and terrains. At each location, side-by-side treatments consisted of planting at 8, 10, and 15 km/h. See figure 1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1

Results 

Across all three locations, using Precision Planting DeltaForce and SpeedTube technology, planting at 8, 10 and 15 km/h resulted in equivalent sugar beet yields. The field efficiency can be increased from 4.4 ha/h to 7.3 ha/h by increasing the speed from 8 km/h to 15 km/h without a significant yield decrease. See figure 2.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 2

Additional Observations 

  • Planting at 10 km/h instead of 8 km/h the field efficiency is increased by 10% from 4.4 ha/h to 4.8 ha/h for a 6-meter, 50 cm row planter.
  • Increasing the field speed from 8 to 15 km/h will increase the covered area by 53% per hour from 4.8 ha/h to 7.3 ha/h for a 6-meter 50 cm row planter.
  • High-speed planting was especially beneficial in 2019, when excessive and frequent rainfall events resulted in short planting windows.
  • Unaided high-speed planting will cause row units to bounce, seeds to bounce in the tube, and a poor stand.  DeltaForce and SpeedTube eliminate this issue because the seeds are controlled all the way from the vSet meter to the ground.  If there is row unit bounce, it does not affect seed spacing because the seeds are contained within a flighted belt, keeping them in place.  When seeds are under control, speed can be increased without sacrificing performance. The DeltaForce system will ensure good ground contact for each row unit and the tractor cab monitor will warn the operator if the ground contact is lost or row-unit vibration will affect seed.

 

Recommendations and Equipment 

Planters equipped with SpeedTube for precise seed singulation and spacing at fast planting speeds to increase productivity

Payback  

Increasing the field speed from 8 to 15 km/h will increase the covered area by 53% per hour and reduce the planting cost by 2 EUR/ha.**

*3 sites: 2019 -Rommerskirchen, Germany; Suderburg, Germany; Reusel, Netherlands

** Farm labor cost set at 12 EUR/ha.

Study Contact:

Jens Christian Jensen, AGCO Agronomist, Northwestern Europe. Connect with Jens Christian on Linkedin.

Stay Connected. Follow AGCO