Three-Year Planting Speed Study in Corn

Agronomic Research and Field Trial Tuesdays AGCO puts farmers first, and that means discovering ways to unlock yield potential while farming more efficiently and sustainably. AGCO’s Agronomy and Advanced Farm Solutions team is hard at work bringing the latest research from fields around the globe to the farmers who feed the world. Check back every Tuesday for a new agronomic research study as the team explores different crops, equipment, pathogens, and growing practices.

May 11, 2021 by AGCO

Three-Year Planting Speed Study in Corn

Agronomic Research and Field Trial Tuesdays AGCO puts farmers first, and that means discovering ways to unlock yield potential while farming more efficiently and sustainably. AGCO’s Agronomy and Advanced Farm Solutions team is hard at work bringing the latest research from fields around the globe to the farmers who feed the world. Check back every Tuesday for a new agronomic research study as the team explores different crops, equipment, pathogens, and growing practices.

Agronomic Research and Field Trial Tuesdays

AGCO puts farmers first, and that means discovering ways to unlock yield potential while farming more efficiently and sustainably. AGCO’s Agronomy and Advanced Farm Solutions team is hard at work bringing the latest research from fields around the globe to the farmers who feed the world. Check back every Tuesday for a new agronomic research study as the team explores different crops, equipment, pathogens, and growing practices.

Three-Year Planting Speed Study in Corn

The objective of this study was to determine if high-speed planting resulted in similar grain yield as normal, slower planting speeds.

The study was conducted from 2017 to 2019 on seven* different fields that included a wide range of planting conditions, tillage practices, and terrains. At each location, side-by-side treatments consisted of planting at 5 or 10 mph. All other planter settings were identical, including automatic downforce control using Precision Planting DeltaForce™, which is necessary at faster planting speeds to have more precise downforce control and prevent row-unit bounce.

Results:

Equivalent grain yields were observed across all seven locations when planting at 10 or 5 mph with Massey Ferguson VE Series planters, formerly called White Planters™, equipped with Precision Planting SpeedTube® (Figure 1).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional Observations:

  • Secondary tillage passes should travel in the same direction as the planter pass for proper seed placement at high-speeds.
  • High-speed planting was especially beneficial in 2019 where excessive and frequent rainfall events resulted in short planting windows.

Recommendations and Equipment Solutions:

  • Massey Ferguson VE Series planters equipped with Precision Planting SpeedTube for precise seed singulation and spacing at high speeds (e.g., planting at 10 mph versus 5 mph with a Massey Ferguson MFVF16-30 planter equates to 24 additional acres/hour planted)
  • High-speed planting requires automatic downforce control using DeltaForce® to have more precise downforce control and prevent row-unit bounce.

Payback:

Figure 2 represents two planting scenarios (5 vs. 10 mph) for an entire 1,000-acre corn crop. Increasing planter speed with SpeedTube, and thus, increasing the total number of acres planted on earlier dates with higher yield potentials, resulted in an overall farm average yield increase of 11.7 bushels/acre. In this scenario, the option cost of adding SpeedTube was paid for after planting about 518 acres of corn.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 2: Yield potential by planting date given the total number of acres planted at 5 or 10 mph. Blue bars represent planting windows and the total number of respective acres planted.

*Seven sites: 2017 – Galva, Illinois; 2018 – Bement, Illinois; Union City, Ohio; Irwin, Iowa; Madison, Wisconsin; Mosinee, Wisconsin; 2019 – Owensboro, Kentucky;

** Assumes 180 bushel/acre historical average corn yield; Market price of $3.75/bushel; calculations performed for SpeedTube option cost on a Massey Ferguson MFVF16-30 planter (MFVF stands for Massey Ferguson VE Front Fold)

Study contact:

Jason Lee, AGCO Agronomist, North America, AGCO Corporation. Connect with Jason on LINKEDIN.

 

Stay Connected. Follow AGCO