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Sugar Cane: Hard Work, Sweet Result

On the southwest shore of Florida’s giant Lake Okeechobee, U.S. Sugar grows cane on as much as 200,000 acres in a given year. Based in Clewiston, the company processes every bit of its harvest into granulated sugar, molasses and liquid sweetener, all at one plant.

That harvest is meticulously planned, because it has to be. Unlike corn, soybeans or wheat, which can be safely stored for months, sugar cane needs to be processed within 7.5 hours from the time it is cut.

As a result, U.S. Sugar’s cane harvest is timed to cut just enough cane to supply a steady stream of product to be processed without delay. Harvest, which generally begins in October, will continue well into April and runs 24 hours per day, weather permitting.

With such logistical demands, the company, like any agricultural operation, picks its partners carefully. This past year, U.S. Sugar, along with one of its contractors, Glades Planting LLC, used no fewer than 52 tractors from AGCO to help put sweetener on tables worldwide. Between last October into this coming April, U.S. Sugar leased 20 MF7622s that will haul heavy wagons loaded with sugar cane from the fields to rail car elevator collections points.

“When you look at our operation, we put 3,500 hours on a tractor in a season,” says Heather Banky, managing director of grower relations, fleet & special projects. “You don’t see that happen in three or four years in other businesses.

U.S. Sugar is on its second year using the MF7622. The reviews are glowing. “They pull really well,” says Juan Cervera, U.S. Sugar’s harvest operations manager. “They pull better than the John Deeres of the same size. The operators like them. They are comfortable.”

Glades Planting contracts with U.S. Sugar to plant cane, spray crop-protection chemicals and apply fertilizer. In 2015 they leased eight MF5612s, eight MF5613s, and 16 Challenger® MT465B tractors. Like U.S. Sugar, they leased the machinery from Kelly Tractor in Clewiston.

“The biggest thing is to be able to support the tractor,” says Trey Dyess, co-owner of Glade Planting. “And we have to say Kelly Tractor does a really good job.” Dyess and partners also own two of AGCO’s RoGator® sprayers, an RG1100 and an RG900.

U.S. Sugar depends on Kelly as well and, as with Glades, the commitment from Kelly Tractor is solid. “They have to be running all the time,” says Clayton Jones of Kelly Tractor. “Any downtime is expensive. They depend on our parts department, and we stay pretty stocked up. We are on call 24 hours per day.”

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Cool Running: Ranching in Alberta’s Cow Country

A pasture sits empty, virtually devoid of anything living, unless you count the grasses, which went dormant months ago as winter set in. While it’s minus 16 Celsius—a relatively balmy winter temperature for Northern Alberta—the wind is howling at about 50 kph and shooting cold like darts into any exposed skin.

Even the cattle up here don’t venture into the open. They choose instead the shelter offered by a sizable stand of poplar and spruce trees. That is, until they hear the tractor.

Like some sort of dinner bell, the sound of the engine bounces off the frosted landscape and calls the cows from the bush. Some 600 cows and a few calves—just one group from a herd that numbers as much as 11,000—barrel forth and line up, ready for mealtime, before they head back to the refuge of the trees.

The Cattlemen who raise them, Chris Sloan and his brother Frankie, and their father, Frank, run Sloan Cattle Company, a cow/calf operation north of St. Paul, Alberta. With some 30,000 acres owned or managed by them, they believe their ranch is among the 20 largest such concerns in Canada.

Comparisons aside, theirs is a demanding job. The Sloans’ pastureland is spread over some 130 km, while the land on which they grow hay—producing as much as 35,000 round bales in years past—is as far away as 150 km.

“One of the challenges of having [so many] cows,” says Chris, “is finding the feed for them. We fight as hard as we can to graze six months out of the year and feed six months. That’s why we make so much hay and bale so much straw,” as many as 1,000 bales a day, adds Chris. They cut and bale that hay with a combination of Massey Ferguson tractors, and Hesston windrowers and large square balers—all tough enough to handle harsh conditions and long hours in the field.

Even though prices are good now, market pressures are always a concern for ranchers, as they are for farmers. Still, says Chris, “The cattle industry really seems optimistic now.”

It’s a lifestyle the three Sloans absolutely love. “I like working with these two and seeing them grow up on the farm,” says Frank about his sons. “And it’s an awful nice sight to see 650 cows lining up, eating their oats behind a spreader. There’s satisfaction in knowing that you’ve done that … that you’ve raised that food for the whole world.”

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She Wrote the Book: Audrey Levatino and the Women-Powered Farm

“People say, ‘Your garden must be beautiful,’” says Audrey Levatino of her specialty cut-flower farm near Gordonsville, Va. It’s not like owning a “landscaped country garden,” she says. “It’s work.”

Audrey Levatino

Audrey Levatino

It’s work she loves so much, she stopped teaching high school English to run the farm on the 23-acre property she and husband, Michael, bought in 2002. Michael’s full-time book-publishing work means Audrey operates the farm—named “Ted’s Last Stand”—mostly alone.

The name came from a rooster that died because of the couple’s inexperience. Without a guard dog, the rooster needed nightly protection. That didn’t happen, and Audrey says, “A trail of feathers is all we found.”

She includes such lessons in “Woman-Powered Farm: Manual for a Self-Sufficient Lifestyle from Homestead to Field” (W.W. Norton, $24.95). The cover features her 1955 Massey Ferguson® 65 “workhorse” tractor, which she uses to plow, mow, haul and gain height for chores, such as putting up and taking down hoop houses.

When she meets women who want to replicate her experience, Audrey recommends finding a supportive farming community. “You’re going to need help, you’re going to need to commiserate and,” she says, “you’re going to need to share your victories.”

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One Beefy Tractor: the Massey Ferguson 1533

One of North America’s most accomplished whitewater pioneers, Paul Breuer spends more time these days riding his tractor than guiding a raft. Along with his wife Jennifer, Breuer owns and operates Country Road Cabins. The 89-acre rustic resort is home to 20 deluxe rental cabins near West Virginia’s New and Gauley rivers, where Breuer helped build the state’s whitewater industry.

Paul Breuer on the MF1533

Paul Breuer on the MF1533

In addition to maintaining the property’s miles of gravel roads, he mows fields and lawns, buries cable and water lines, clears snow and pulls a towable lift to work on those hard-to-reach places on his cabins, all with one tractor—a versatile, durable 33-HP Massey Ferguson® 1533.

In addition to stability and power, the MF1533 has a creeper gear that allows Paul to perform some exceptionally tricky tasks. “I have this 25-foot pole [that’s fitted to the] front of the tractor that I lift trusses with and set structurally insulated panels that are 400 and 500 pounds. You’ve got to go very slow and be very careful with it, and that’s where this creeper gear is just fantastic for me.”

From tractor to service, owning a Massey Ferguson has exceeded his expectations, says Paul, especially “after owning another ‘red brand’ that had 32 HP, but no real steel and guts under the hood. The Massey Ferguson is just heavier and more solid, but it’s got better fuel economy. It’s the best of both worlds.

“I don’t know how they do it, but they do it and it works. I wouldn’t trade that tractor for anything,” he says, pauses and adds, “except another Massey.”

For more, including a video of Breuer at Country Road Cabins, see

Massey Ferguson Introduces 4600M Series Tractors

Massey Ferguson® 4600 Series tractors have quickly become a favorite for utility applications. With the introduction of the 4600M Series, which consists of three new models, Massey Ferguson has made them even more versatile with the addition of new options and standard features, as well as compliance with new emissions standards.

The 4600M Series

The 4600M Series

An improved Deluxe cab option boasts even more features for comfort and convenience. Among them are a rear wiper and defrost, fender-mounted 3-point-hitch controls, an air-ride seat, a front sun visor, and long-lasting and super-bright LED lights. Those who need a utility tractor for loader work will also appreciate a loader-ready package that includes frame rails, joystick control and grill guard. Both the Standard and Deluxe cabs will also come radio-ready, with speakers and antennae.

“The new Deluxe cab will be particularly beneficial for our customers in northern climates conducting snow-removal activities,” says Warren Morris, AGCO tactical marketing manager for tractors under 150 HP.

All models also meet the newest Tier 4 Final emissions standards. For the new MF4609M and MF4610M models, this involved the addition of an SCR (selective catalytic reduction) system to supplement the diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) and high-pressure common rail system.

“We introduced a new 70-HP model, the MF4607M,” Morris says. “This puts it below the 75-HP threshold, which allows us to build it to Tier 4 Final emission requirements without SCR components to achieve this level. This helps to keep the costs down for customers, but still gives them the features they need from a full-utility tractor.”

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